Since its establishment the Assembly has attached great importance to cultural cooperation among the member countries in order to develop the humanitarian dimension of the Black Sea cooperation process. In particular, it has supported and encouraged the Black Sea Convention on Cooperation in the Fields of Culture, Education, Science and Information, which was signed in 1993, ushering in the process of its ratification and implementation (rec. 3/1994).
Concerned by the serious problems facing the countries of the Black Sea region in preserving and protecting their national historical and cultural heritage, especially in the countries where the socioeconomic changes and difficulties of the transition period have diminished the role of cultural affairs among other national priorities, the PABSEC adopted recommendations on the Protection of the Cultural Heritage of the PABSEC Member Countries (rec. 6/1994), Guidelines of the Program of the Protection of the Cultural Heritage in the Black Sea Region (rec. 18/1996), and on Preservation and Enhancement of Cultural Heritage of the BSEC Member States (Rec.80/2004), calling on the national parliaments to take urgent steps to enact special legislation or to modify existing legislation with a view to protecting the millennia-old traditions and the cultural heritage of the Black Sea cultural area. Within the same context, the Assembly also recommended the establishment of a Joint Research Programme on the History of the Black Sea Basin (rec. 4/1994).
The dialogue among cultures, another subject debated by PABSEC (rec.89/2006), assists to a great extent in bringing peoples together and overcoming barriers built as a result of misunderstanding and stereotypes. The Assembly recognizes the importance of the dialogue among cultures as one of the main tools to build trust among peoples of the BSEC region. In the same time, PABSEC is fully aware of the significance of globalization process and potential threats that this process can have on cultural diversity among the nations of the BSEC region (rec.93/2006). The major challenge to the modern world and especially to the BSEC countries in the process of cultural globalization consists in preservation of individual cultural identity.